Study Type: Observational
Sponsor: Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust
This study will examine extreme responders to second- and third-line Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) therapy using a retrospective approach and patients with slow or fast diabetes progression.
PILOT Phase (March 2013 – Dec 2014) Patients will be recruited initially from 2 centres, plus Exeter as a pre-PILOT centre. Patients with particularly good or poor response to second- and third-line Type 2 diabetes treatments and patients progressing to insulin either particularly quickly or particularly slowly will be recruited from primary, secondary, or community settings. Fasting blood and urine samples will be collected, along with standard biomeasures and information will be collected about medical history and prescribing history.
All study documentation and sample materials will be sent out to sites from the coordinating centre. Sites will be expected to process and freeze samples and send them to the Central Laboratory managed by the Chief Inspector’s site where they will be analysed for genetic factors, glycaemic markers and other markers related to drug response.
POST-PILOT Phase (Jan 2015- Oct 2017): Subject to feasibility, interim analysis and continuation of funding from Medical Research Council (MRC), this project will continue for another three years.
Generic Inclusion Criteria:
Demographics: Age 18-90 inclusive
Ethnicity: Reflective of local demographic
Medical History: Clinical diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes
Mental Capacity: Capacity to Consent
Responders Cohort Inclusion Criteria:
On Sulphonylurea, DPP-4 inhibitor, GLP-1R agonist, SGLT2 inhibitor or Glitazone for > 4 months.
Pre-treatment HbA1c≥ 58mmol/mol (7.5%).
Progressors Cohort Inclusion Criteria:
Type 2 diabetes (not on insulin treatment within 6 months of diagnosis)
Either: requirement for insulin treatment ≤10 years from diagnosis (defined as insulin treatment or HbA1c ≥ 69mmol/mol (8/5%) treated with two or more non-insulin diabetes therapies) or: no requirement for insulin treatment >10 years from diagnosis (defined as not on insulin treatment AND HbA1c <69mmol/mol (8.5%).
Age less than 18 years old and greater than 90 years old
Incapacity to consent
Type 1 diabetes.
Healthy Volunteers: No
Min Age: 18 Years
Max Age: 90 Years
University of Dundee