Status: Not yet recruiting
Condition: Triglycerides High
Study Type: Interventional
Sponsor: University of Alabama at Birmingham
This study determines whether different forms of ketones supplemented prior to a meal lower the triglyceride (fat) content in the blood of overweight and obese individuals. Through a randomized crossover design, participants (n=15) will participate in each of the following three experimental groups (no treatment control, ketone ester, ketone salt), with a 5-14 day washout period between each experimental visit.
Previous studies conducted by the investigative team in rodents show that male mice fed a diet containing 30% ketone ester (by kcals) results in greater fecal content and energy loss. While the investigators are unsure of the exact macronutrient content of the energy loss, the hypothesis is that the energy excretion is attributed to lower fat absorption. In the context of this study, it’s hypothesized that ketone salts and ketone esters (both available commercially and used for a variety of health-related claims) will reduce the absorption of dietary fats leading to lower circulating triglyceride concentrations if consumed prior to a high-fat mixed meal. If the hypothesis is correct, ketones supplementation could become a valuable strategy to reduce the rise in circulating triglycerides often present in obesity. Triglyceride concentrations in the blood following a meal have been linked to development of cardiovascular disease.
Overweight or obese men as defined by a BMI of greater than or equal to 25 kg/m2, but less than 35 kg/m2
Between the ages of 25 and 45 years
Fasting triglyceride levels less than 250 mg/dL
Participates in regular physical activity (≥3 days/week at 30 minutes or more per day)
Diagnosed cardiovascular disease or metabolic disease (type 1 or type 2 diabetes)
Currently following a low carbohydrate (<100 g/day) diet
Lost greater than or equal to 5% body weight over the last 2 months
Healthy Volunteers: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Min Age: 25 Years
Max Age: 45 Years