Due to the variations between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the causes and risk factors of this condition aren’t necessarily the same for every single patient. An exception to the rule is genetics. Namely, a family history of diabetes is a prime indicator if a person will develop either form of diabetes at some point. As for type 2 specifically, factors such as being physically inactive, overweight, having high blood pressure, and being over the age of 45 can also increase risk of this condition developing.  

Causes and Risk Factors 

  • Family history of diabetes
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Physical inactivity
  • High blood pressure


What food causes diabetes? 

The food people eat can have an impact on whether or not they develop diabetes. For starters, anyone at risk for diabetes should limit their intake of refined grains and highly processed carbohydrates. Instead, many experts recommend eating whole grains. It’s also best to only consume red meat and sugary drinks in moderation. 

What causes type 2 diabetes? 

Type 2 diabetes can occur when a person’s cells don’t respond properly to insulin. The pancreas then makes more insulin in an attempt to activate the cells. Eventually blood sugar levels rise in response to this excessive production. When this situation occurs, prediabetes can develop. Then, if left unmanaged, type 2 diabetes occurs.  

Who is at risk for developing type 2 diabetes? 

Anyone who has a family history of diabetes, is overweight or obese, is physically inactive or has high blood pressure is at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. People over the age of 45 are also at a higher risk of contracting the disease. 

Disclaimer: this article does not constitute or replace medical advice. If you have an emergency or a serious medical question, please contact a medical professional or call 911 immediately. To see our full medical disclaimer, visit our Terms of Use page.

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