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Valium and Xanax are both benzodiazepines used in the treatment of anxiety disorders. 


Diazepam (Valium) is a benzodiazepine that produces a calming, sedative effect. 


  • Anxiety disorders
  • Seizure disorders
  • Alcohol withdrawal syndrome
  • Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome
  • Muscle spasms
  • Insomnia
  • Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

How it Works

Valium works by binding with receptor sites for a neurotransmitter in the brain. 


Alprazolam (Xanax) is a benzodiazepine used in the treatment of anxiety and panic disorders. 


  • Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
  • Panic disorders

How it Works

Xanax binds with receptors for the neurotransmitter in the brain that helps promote calmness. 

Valium vs. Xanax – What’s the Difference?

Although both Valium and Xanax are benzodiazepines, Valium has a broader range of uses, whereas Xanax is primarily for the treatment of anxiety.  Valium has a much longer half-life and may not be appropriate for certain populations.

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