The FDA states doctors should only prescribe Lexapro (escitalopram) to a pregnant patient if the potential benefit justifies the risk to the fetus. Always speak with your physician before taking Lexapro if you are pregnant, think you might be pregnant or want to become pregnant.
Can Lexapro cause birth defects?
According to the FDA, infants exposed to Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs), like Lexapro, during pregnancy may have an increased risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).
Additionally, the FDA reports that neonates exposed to SSRIs, including Lexapro, in the late third trimester may develop complicated medical issues, including but not limited to:
- Respiratory distress
- Temperature instability
- Constant crying
These conditions, according to the FDA, may require prolonged hospital stays, respiratory support and even feeding tubes for the infant.
Lisinopril, Labor and Delivery
The FDA states the effects of Lexapro on labor and delivery are unknown.
Lexapro and Lactation
The FDA states that doctors should be cautious when prescribing Lexapro to a breastfeeding woman. Lexapro is excreted in human breast milk. If a woman continues treatment with Lexapro while breastfeeding, her physician should continue to monitor any symptoms the newborn experiences.
Lexapro and Fertility
Rat studies have shown a decrease in mating and fertility after rats were administered racemic citalopram. There is not, however, enough information on whether or not Lexapro affects human fertility.